Climate: SUMMER: October – March. WINTER: April – September
Tanzania’s widely varying geography accounts for it differing climactic conditions. The altitude of the high plateau considerably tempers what would otherwise be a tropical climate. The coastal strip along the Indian Ocean and the offshore islands of Pemba, Zanzibar and Mafia has a hot, humid, tropical climate alleviated by sea breezes. On the mountain slopes of the Northeast the climate is temperate for most of the year. Temperatures on Mount Kilimanjaro and Meru to below freezing.
Late March to late May is traditionally the long rainy season and is considered the winter period in Tanzania. June to late October is the dry season. June, July and August can be very cold on the rim of Ngorongoro Crater. Late October to mid-December is when the short rains occur. These are usually in the form of daily thunderstorms. The Ngorongoro Crater rim has a wonderful climate at this time of year. The Serengeti and Lake Manyara are quite warm and Mnemba is very hot. Mid- December to March is summer weather. It is dry and very warm until March. Due to its altitude, Ngorongoro Crater is much cooler than elsewhere.
Currency: The currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling. There are approximately 1200 Tanzania shillings to one US dollar (at time of printing). Most hotels and lodges prefer US dollars payment. Clients should bring US dollars cash and traveler’s checks.
Credit Cards: Visa and MasterCard are generally accepted throughout Tanzania. Note that no bank in Tanzania will issue cash against a Visa or MasterCard.
Luggage: Packing space is limited on all modes of transport but particularly on small domestic aircraft. Luggage must be restricted to 12kg (26lbs) in soft bags plus a reasonable amount of hand luggage.
Time Difference: EST plus 7 (Summer)
EST plus 8 (Winter)
Water: We do recommend that you purchase and drink bottled water. Many lodges and camps will provide bottled water for you to drink. Unlike in Kenya, No bottled mineral water in 4X4 safari vehicles.
Electricity: 220/240 volts AC. Outlets are of the 3 pin, 13 amp type. Please be aware that in some tented accommodations you may not find a plug socket.
Health Requirements: Recommended health precautions include: Yellow Fever and Cholera vaccinations. It is strongly suggested that you obtain Anti-Malaria medication before entering Tanzania. Other precautionary measures are: keep flaps of your tent zipped at all times spray your accommodation with insecticide make use of a mosquito repellent lotion wear long-sleeved clothing, trousers and socks when outside at night.
It is advisable to obtain medical insurance prior to travel. Emergency services and first aid is difficult to obtain outside major cities and tourist areas, so bring with you any medication that you may require.
What to buy: Tanzania has a good ion of traditional local crafts. These are available from craft shops in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and other major towns. There are also a number of craft centers and artists cooperatives, where prices are good. Singida baskets can be purchased directly from the villages surrounding Singida, or from craft shops. Gogo woodcarving, including vibuya (carved gouds) and kanga traditional sarong-like garments are amongst some of the traditional items available for purchase.
Air Tickets: All flights should be reconfirmed at least 48 hours prior to departure of your flight. Normally your guide or the concierge at hotels and lodges are able to assist you.
Tipping: It is customary to tip local guides and drivers about $5.00 per person, per day. At local hotels and restaurants it is the custom to tip 10 to15 of the bill
Insurance: We strongly recommend that you take out travel insurance, which includes curtailment and cancellation cover, as well as medical cover, upon confirming your booking.
Communication and Important Telephone Numbers: The international dialing code for calling Tanzania is +255. A direct international dialing service is available from the major hotels. Both local and long distance calls are metered on a time basis and you pay for every second.  Outside of the major cities, many of the lodges and camps will have a satellite telephone for outgoing calls at a rate of US$10 per minute.